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Open Access Review

Contact dermatitis in children

Paolo Pigatto2*, Alberto Martelli1, Chiara Marsili2 and Alessandro Fiocchi1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Paediatrics. Fatebenefratelli-Melloni Hospitals - Milan, Italy

2 Department of Technology for Health, Dermatological Clinic, IRCCS Galeazzi Hospital, University of Milan - Milan, Italy

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Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010, 36:2  doi:10.1186/1824-7288-36-2

Published: 13 January 2010

Abstract

Contact dermatitis in pediatric population is a common but (previously) under recognized disease. It is usually divided into the allergic and the irritant forms.

The diagnosis is usually obtained with the patch test technique after conducting a thorough medical history and careful physical examination but patch testing in infants may be particularly difficult, and false-positive reactions may occur.

This study also provides an overview of the most common allergens in pediatric population and discusses various therapeutic modalities.